Saturday, February 18, 2012

Canton Memorial Hall by Ronan Killeen

Above: Canton Hall, Church Steert one time called Chapel street in 19th century

Below: The plaque of Canton Hall which reads - ' Canton Hall Athenry, Joseph Canton P. P. V. F. 1891-1920'

I will write a short biography of who this hall is in memory of first. Cannon Joseph Canton was born in 1850 in the parish of Aglish, Castlebar Co. Mayo in Linenhall street. His father Michael Canton, who was a teacher in the 1850's in a small school prior to the De La Salle School. Cannon Canton's mother was a Sarah McLoughlin. He was the eldest of five children. Subsequently two of his sisters lived with him in Athenry; one predeceased him and the three are buried together on Rathcruacha in the New Cemetary.
   Patrick Canton, an uncle of Joesph thaught in a school built by Rev. Denis Egan on the site where later the De La Salle Monastery was built and is presently a residents for the priests of the parish. Cannon Canton despite growing up in the famine era went to school in St. Jarlath's of Tuam.

He continued his eduaction in the Irish College in Paris on the 22 September 1871 to study for the priesthood. The college itself had previously been closed from the 28 August 1870 on accoutn of the Franco- Prussian war, and re-opened on the day Canton entered.
   It was on the 8 November 1874, Canton was finally ordained as a priest by Archbishop John McHale in the Tuam Cathedral. In St. Jarlath's College he became Professor of the Second Department of the Humanities and his teaching subjects were Science, History and French.  After his second year in the college Canton was sent to the parish of Killascobe - Menlough in 1876. Cong in 1877; the Cathedral in Tuam 1878-1890; were he was Curate and appointed Administrator in 1888.
  Life was not always easy for Canton in Tuam due to the poor relationship between Archbishop McHale and Bishop McEvilly who had been appointed his Co-Adjutor and would take over the diocese on his death. McEvilly, was then appointed Co-Adjutor Bishop of Tuam on 7 January 1878  and Archbishop McHale died on 7 November 1881.
   As Ireland - was a time of the Land League era in the 1880's, Canton who was now the new Catholic Administrator and his predecessor  Rev. Michael O'Connell who was then President of St. Jarlath's College Tuam attended a meeting of the Irish National League, and a banquet in honour of the Irish Parlimentry Parties - Sir Thomas Edmonde M. P. It was held in Market Square Tuam.
  There were evictions on tenants who could not pay there land lord in this era and in 1888 Rev. Canton spoke after evictions in the Cloondarone and Cloonmore area's  'All honour to the Cloondarone people for their conduct here to-day. They showed displine and kept within the law and as long as they do so, they need not fear for the issue between themselves and Mrs. Bodkin'.

Canton was moved from Tuam and succeeded by Rev. John Loftus as Administrator. Canton was appointed P.P. of Ballinakill (Letterfrack) in 1890 but then sent to Athenry in 1891 due to the fact there was not harmonious relations between himself and Archbishop MacEvilly. Reason for this was Canton's stance for tenant farmers, the G. A. A., and his Patornage to Cortoon Club, his old relationship with McHale.
   Canton in 1893 became president of the Athenry Branch of the Irish National Federation to fight for the tenants rights - the chairman was the P. P. Michael Nolan. Athenry during this time was seen as a 'disturbed district'. At the turn of the century Canton is reported about in the Tuam Hearld 10/11/1900. It reads the following; 'To the northwest is the parochail house, in which resides the Very Rev. Cannon Canton, a gentleman who has at all times taken the deepest interest in the welfare of Athenry and its inhaitants. Cannon Canton is a well-known figure in our County Council meetings (I would like to add here that before County Councils existed there was such thing as the Grand Jury who had the same duties as the council but was then abolished in 1898)...where he at all times advocates the construction of pathways in Athenry; and indeed, any stranger visiting the town would at once be struck by the non-existence of thsoe most essential structures for the safety and acccommodation of pedestrains.'

Agitation in the west was becoming heavier since the late 19th and into the earlier 20th centuries -  on 30 November 1907 Canton wrote a strong letter to the Irish Independent stating that the people of Athenry were 'irate that the Independent and Herald were connecting names in the parish with the shooting of Mr. White-blake of Hollypark'. 
   One of the last committees Rev. Cannon Joseph Canton was on was a committee to assist with the construction of water and sewerage works for Athenry. In my own research I would like to add, that this may have been knowns as the Waterworks Committee which I hope to write about in the future.
    For a man who lived such an eventful life -Canton passed away on the 14th August 1920 in the Parochia House in Athenry. The then Archbishop Gilmartin of Tuam (See Stories of Athenry and the Irish Civil War 1922-1923 Part 4) presided at the Solemn Requiem Mass for the late Cannon Canton at Athenry, Rev. Bishop O'Dea - Bishop of Galway and 50 priests were present in the Choir!
    Archbishop Gilmartin spoke about Canton; 'I am sure I am voicing the sentiments of all the priest here present, when I say that in the death of Cannon Canton, the Archdiocese of Tuam has lost a most zealous, a most edifying and a most accomplished priest. To you, the people of Athenry, we offer our most sincere sympathy on the departure of a pastor whom you loved dearly and our tender condolences to his respected sisters in his great beravement......

In the image at the very top of the article is Canton Memorial Hall which was built in 1932 in memory of Cannon Canton. The labourers who helped build Canton Memorial Hall were Christy Doherty of Northgate Street, and Paddy Corley of Bridge Street. It was a meeting place for many organisations throughout the past century but always used for its amenities such as cards, snooker and billiards.
   The hall's first trustess were Walter Walsh, Ballybacka for representing the farmer's interest; Timothy O'Regan, representing the towns people; and vested in the Catholic Church under the jurisdiction of the Archbishop.The hall today is still used as a meeting place and snooker is still played there.

Saturday, February 4, 2012

Athenry Ladies History: Irish Country Women's Association of Athenry by Ronan Killeen

For a while I have been asking about the Irish Country Women's Association and by a small piece of luck by having been given a gift off another Researcher like myself of the old Athenry Journal's. We see only today now that past has become important as future generations will ask question and revise over local history itself. Here is a short summary of the Athenry's 'Irish Country Women's Association'.

In 1910 the Irish Country Women's Association was founded to give women 'a chance to express opinion, socialise, and to take part in handcrafts, debating and cookery'. A lady named Angela Connolly founded the Athenry organisation in 1958. The committee consisted of Mrs. Dr. Brennan (President), Angela Connolly (Hon. Sec.), Mrs. Taylor of the Town House Athenry (Treasurer) and Mrs. Frawley (Co. Organiser Galway) weret the ones who offically started the guild, along with members Mrs. A. Qualter (Aggie Qualter who wrote the history book Athenry Since 1780), Abbey Row, Mrs Ciss Curran, Boyhill; Miss M. Kennedy, ", Mrs Coffey, Old Church St; Mrs. Mary Monaghan of Blaine; Maureen Healy and Mary Donlon (Morrissey).

Subsequently, Angela was appointed Federation President which was a three year term where her duties consisted of 'presiding county meetings, meeting guild members and sorting out any problems' . Anglea, Aggie and a Mrs. Johnson-Green (Oughterard) came first at a County Debate on the subject of 'Manners Maketh Man' but lost to their next opponents who were members known as The Toast Masters Club were the subject was 'Should Ireland Joine N. A. T. O.?'.
  The A. I. C. A. also took a trip to a place known as 'The Grianán' which was the headquarters of the I. C. A. were the then famous singer Máire Ní Scolaidhe visited them and sang for them which the A. I. C. A. appreciated.

If anyone has any info on this subject I would very much appreciated it - contact

Elopement in County Galway by Ronan Killeen

Back in 2013 i printed of a newspaper article from the 19th century it was to do with an 'Elopment' 'Elopment in the County of...